What Are The Different Types of Perimeter Security

Perimeter security

When you have a property or facility that needs real-life solutions to security concerns, you want to check out options for perimeter security. With these options, you can make sure that your property stays safe without worrying about intruders or other breaches to security. 

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What Is Perimeter Security?

These security solutions are designed to secure a building or facility’s perimeter from unauthorized access. In some places, perimeter security is also known as perimeter protection. When you think of perimeter security, it usually consists of high-quality gates and fencing. While these components have been the standard for many years, property owners use advanced technology to add another layer of security. These other types of technology can be implemented to secure the perimeter, such as video surveillance and access control. All these steps are vital to protect a site from a security breach by unwanted visitors. 

Related: How To Remotely View Security Cameras Using The Internet

Features of a Good Perimeter Security System

Those who want to design an excellent perimeter security system should focus on a system that features around-the-clock surveillance, uses high-grade security fences, offers a well-lit location, provides sensors and detectors, and implements state-of-the-art security systems.

11 Types of Perimeter Security

When you have a robust security system, you can ensure adequate perimeter protection. With these 11 types of perimeter security, you can meet the needs of your specific property. 

CCTV is one way to secure perimeters

1 – CCTV Security System

These systems are also known as closed-circuit televisions, and they use interior and exterior cameras to keep an eye on a specific space. There are several types of cameras that you can use for your property: IP, conventional, PTZ, thermal, and domes. Some cameras work better than others in different environments. For example, the thermal camera can pick up heat signatures from a living object in low-light areas.

When it comes time to design your security system, you want to consider all of those coverage areas, including any dead zones that can affect the monitoring of your system. With the right design, you can achieve full coverage of the entire perimeter of your building. Plus, with the right design, you can minimize the need for several cameras but instead focus on those main areas with suitable camera options that offer full coverage. 

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2 – Access Control System

With an access control system, you can restrict entry throughout your building. With this, admission is only granted to those who have the proper credentials. These identification systems use a fingerprint, pin, or biometric pattern to allow access. An access control system is highly beneficial to prevent any intruders from accessing a specific space. Along with that, there is a limited need for physical keys that can be copied or lost. 

3 – Fiber Optic Detection System

One advanced feature is a fiber optic detection system that can detect any breach or changes near the fenced areas. Many property owners use this type of system to ensure that their perimeter remains secure. These detection systems can be used around fences and walls. They are also used to cover a large area of the outside perimeter. Some systems can even be used in combination with security lighting to deter any unwanted visitors. 

4 – Motion Sensors

You can place motion sensors throughout the outside perimeter to detect movements. These sensors use infrared rays to sense motion. There are two types of motion sensors: active and passive. If the sensor is active, it will use a power source to detect any motion. However, a passive system only sends an alarm when there is a change in movement or temperature. 

5 – Radar System

Another useful security component is a radar system. These devices can detect vehicles or people at a short (700 meter) or medium (1500 meter) distance. For many property owners, these systems are beneficial for those open areas that another type of system cannot monitor. For example, a facility with open fields will find these systems to provide the maximum benefits. 

Related: How Do Home Security Systems Work

What Are The Different Types of Perimeter Security

6  – Electrified Fences

Electrified fences might seem like an extreme option, but they are a very effective way to keep out intruders. If anyone tries to climb or cut the fences, the alarm system will be activated, sending a notification. In many cases, the electrified fence can shock the intruder, but these devices might not be allowed in some jurisdictions. 

7 – Microwave Barriers

Some permitted activity is hidden from the sight of cameras. For that reason, you might want to think about a system that utilizes microwave barriers. These devices use microwave emissions to monitor a perimeter, and there is no need for a direct line of vision like an infrared detector. 

8 – Spot Vibration Sensors

This type of security system uses a wireless perimeter alarm to monitor the property. In many cases, these sensors are placed on a window, access point, or doorway. When it detects a vibration, the sensor triggers an alarm. 

9 – Microphone Cable Fence Disturbance Sensors

Sound sensors can be used to keep track of perimeter security. With a microphone cable, the security system monitors the entire fence line. If someone tries to climb or cut the fence, that microphone picks up the sounds and transmits an alarm to the security center

10  – Seismic Sensors

Seismic sensors do not detect earthquakes, but they can detect vibration within a specific area to activate an alarm. When someone tries to breach a particular space, these components pick up those vibrations and alert the security team. 

11 – Electrostatic Field Disturbance Sensors

Electrostatic field disturbance sensors are becoming commonplace for many property owners. These devices create an electric field with the help of conductors and grounding wires. When the electric field changes, an alarm alert is created. 

Related: What is an IP Cam? Everything you need to know

The Last Word on Perimeter Security Systems

 These security options ensure that your property stays safe and secure. Along with that, you can design the right system that meets the needs of your property or facility. 

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